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    Brief Course Description

    Anatomy and Refractive States of the Eye

    A competent optician requires a basic understanding of the anatomy of the human eye,
    how it works, and what conditions or vision abnormalities might occur which may require
    his/her services. With this knowledge he may interact more confidently with his patients
    and the prescribing practitioner as well.

    This course begins with an overview of the eye as an optical system as we survey its
    transparent and non-transparent structures. We follow a ray of light as it passes through
    the cornea, the aqueous humor, the pupil, crystalline lens and the vitreous humor on its
    way to the retina.

    The course continues with a discussion of the refractive states of the eye which
    include emmetropia and the various ametropias such as myopia, hyperopia and regular

    The optical cross is a graphical device which can be useful in illustrating the powers
    of the front and back surfaces of a lens in order to arrive at its total power. With this
    information a professional optician can read a prescription and identify which ametropia it
    is designed to correct as well as identify the meridians of maximum and minimum lens